New South Wales
Sydney War Cemetery, Memorial to the Missing & the NSW Cremation Memorial
Located within the Rookwood Necropolis, Sydney War Cemetery is Australia's largest war cemetery and the only Australian war cemetery that has a Stone of Remembrance. This stone was to be transported to Ambon War Cemetery in Indonesia, however difficulties at the time prevented its shipment and so, even though Stones of Remembrance are normally limited to war cemeteries with more than 1 000 graves, this stone remains at the slightly smaller Sydney War Cemetery.
Sydney War Cemetery contains 734 war graves, made up of 85 sailors, 20 soldiers, 16 airmen and one Merchant Navy sailor of the UK Forces, 33 sailors, 489 soldiers and 86 airmen of the Australian Forces, one sailor and one airman of the NZ Forces, one French sailor and one civilian (died while in employment of the Admiralty). The Sydney Memorial to the Missing honours 741 dead. A further 199 names of men and women of the Armed Forces whose remains were cremated appear on the NSW Cremation Memorial.
The cemetery was established by the military authorities in 1942 as the last resting place of Servicemen and women who gave their lives during WW2. It contains mainly the graves of those who died in the Concord Military Hospital of wounds received in operational areas, sickness or accident. UK casualties died while Prisoners of War in Japanese hands and were cremated. After the war the Army Graves Service arranged for their ashes to be brought by HMAS Newfoundland to Sydney for interment. The cemetery was taken over by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) in December 1946.
Sydney War Cemetery was entered on the Register of the National Estate on 21 October 1986.
Sydney War Cemetery
ROOKWOOD NSW 2135
Cowra (Australian) War Cemetery
The Cowra (Australian) War Cemetery contains 27 war graves. Of these, four died during the break out at the prisoner of war camp in August 1944. Two of those soldiers were awarded the George Cross for their actions during that incident. Buried in the Cowra General Cemetery are six Australian Army casualties of WW2 and one from WW1.
Cowra (Japanese) War Cemetery
Adjacent to the Australian War Cemetery is the Japanese War Cemetery. CWGC holds responsibility and title for this site. The Commission accepted the maintenance responsibility in 1964 and the Office of Australian War Graves (OAWG) recovers maintenance costs from the Japanese Government. The 523 graves including those of Prisoners of War who died in the attempted break out from Cowra in 1944, aircrew shot down in Northern Australia and Japanese civilian internees who died in Australia during WW2.
Albury War Cemetery
During WW2, Albury became a major army base for the Allies. It also contained a military base hospital which serviced the large military population in the area. Located within the Albury General Cemetery, in Waugh Road, the cemetery contains 96 war graves, including two men of the Royal Navy. The other 94 burials are those of soldiers and airmen of the Australian Forces, most of whom died from war-related injury, illness or accident.
A Cross of Sacrifice stands in the central path, flanked by the marble headstones on each side.
Newcastle (Sandgate) War Cemetery
Located within the Sandgate General Cemetery on the Pacific Highway, the cemetery has 73 burials. Included in the burials are four men of the Royal Navy. The front entrance of the cemetery is through a wrought iron gate set in a low stone wall constructed of local stone.
The city of Newcastle was a strategic military site both as a centre for heavy industry and as a busy seaport. On 8 June 1942, Newcastle came under attack from a Japanese submarine. The area was also a major staging area for AIF Divisions and supported some of the largest concentrations of troops in Australia throughout the war. The Australian Second Army, including the 1st, 9th and 28th Brigades and the 3rd Army Tank Brigade were based on the outskirts of Newcastle; the 4th Armoured Brigade in Singleton and three artillery training regiments at Greta.
Wagga Wagga War Cemetery
The cemetery is located within the Wagga Wagga General Cemetery on Kooringal Road. It contains 83 burials (43 airmen and 40 soldiers) including a post-war burial. The No 2 Service Flight Training School of the RAAF and other military facilities, including the Army School of Engineering, were based in the area. Of the 40 soldiers buried in the war cemetery, 26 died on 21 May 1945 in a hand grenade training accident.
Cowra (Japanese) War Cemetery.