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Gallipoli — Turkey

Snapshot

Service:

Dawn Service, Anzac Commemorative Site; and
Australian Memorial Service, Lone Pine Cemetery; or
New Zealand Memorial Service, Chunuk Bair

Date:

Friday, 24 April - Saturday, 25 April 2020

Time:

24 April 2020
TBC: Anzac Commemorative Site opens

25 April 2020*
TBC: Pre-service program commences
5:30 am: Official Anzac Day Dawn Service commences
10:00 am: Lone Pine Service
11:30 am: Chunuk Bair Service

*You will have to make a choice to visit either the Australian Service at Lone Pine or the New Zealand Service at Chunuk Bair as there is not enough time to attend both.

Venue:

Anzac Commemorative Site, Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair, Gallipoli, Turkey

Weather:

The weather at Gallipoli is highly variable. The site is exposed to the elements and there is no permanent shelter. Severe wind-chill can result in temperatures being below freezing overnight on 24 to 25 April. During the day the temperature can be very hot. Strong winds and heavy rain have been experienced on site in previous years. Visitors should ensure they come prepared for these conditions.

Attendance pass:

Attendance pass required — The online registration system is not yet available. Please check back at a later stage.

Visa requirements:

Passport holders — Check your visa requirements

Security:

Airport-style screening including restrictions on liquids, aerosols and gels

Important Notes:

  • An Australian Memorial Service will be held at Lone Pine Cemetery and a New Zealand Memorial Service at Chunuk Bair on the morning of 25 April after the Dawn Service. Visitors should be prepared to walk a minimum of 8km during your time at the commemorations, mostly up steep hills.
     
  • In preparation for the commemoration, infrastructure and technical equipment will be progressively installed at the commemorative sites in the period leading up to 25 April.

Further information

Introduction

The Australian and New Zealand Governments jointly conduct the Gallipoli Anzac Day Dawn Service on 25 April each year at the Anzac Commemorative Site, Turkey. This service takes place with the permission and support of the host nation, the Republic of Turkey. The commemorative sites at Gallipoli are the sovereign territory of the Turkish people and holding the annual Anzac Day commemorations is only possible with the cooperation and generous assistance of the Turkish Government.

About 60,000 Australians served on Gallipoli between 25 April and 20 December 1915. More than 8,000 lost their lives, half in the two most intense periods of fighting during the week of the landing and in August during an offensive launched to break the deadlock that had prevailed since the first day. Gallipoli was the Australian Imperial Force’s introduction to war and though the campaign ended in failure and defeat, the anniversary of its beginning quickly became, and has remained, Australia's principle day of commemoration.

Later in the war veterans of the campaign were distinguished by the Anzac 'A' chevron worn over their battalion colour patch. To have served on Gallipoli remained a singular honour for the rest of the survivor's lives. The Gallipoli and the Anzacs section of the Anzac Portal explores some of the campaign’s most important aspects, addressing significant themes and offering visitors a virtual tour of the key Allied battlefields, cemeteries and memorials.

Attendance passes

Similar to previous years, all visitors and tour guides planning to attend the Anzac Day services will be required to register for an attendance pass. Entry to the commemorations will not be permitted without an attendance pass.

The registration (attendance pass) and coach registration system for Anzac Day 2020 are not yet available and will open later than in previous years. Updates regarding the registration process will be made available on the DVA website when further information becomes available.

Security measures for visitors

Please take note of the security measures in place for those visitors who register to attend the Anzac Day services on the Gallipoli Peninsula on 25 April 2020. Several checkpoints will be located across the Gallipoli Peninsula prior to accessing the Anzac Commemorative Site (ACS), Lone Pine Cemetery and Chunuk Bair where you will be required to produce your attendance pass as well as photographic identification, such as your passport or driver’s licence.

Airport-style screening will also occur, with no liquids, aerosols or gels permitted onto the sites (see Prohibited Items). These will be confiscated by Turkish authorities and will not be returned to you. All visitors will be wrist banded after passing through security. Please note that any suspicious behaviour or references to illegal activities will not be tolerated and you may be refused entry to the sites.

For cultural reasons, visitors may be separated into male and female lines to undergo the airport-style screening. Security at the site is the responsibility of the Turkish authorities, who provide considerable military, Jandarma, police and medical assistance to the commemorations. All visitors will be wrist banded after passing security. The directions of the Turkish authorities and service officials must be adhered to at all times.

Getting to the Anzac Commemorative Site, Gallipoli

The Gallipoli Peninsula is a 5 hour drive from Istanbul. The nearest towns to the commemorative sites are Eceabat (20km), Canakkale (30km) and Gelibolu (45km), but there is no public transport available from these towns to the national park. The services take place in the Gallipoli Campaign Historical Site, a protected area in a national park, which is an isolated, remote and exposed location with no permanent infrastructure, facilities or shelter. Most visitors attend the commemorations as part of a guided bus tour. Numerous tour providers in Australia and Turkey offer tours that incorporate the Dawn Service. It is recommended that visitors travel to the commemorations as part of an organised tour arriving by coach. See ‘Traffic Arrangements’ below for further information.

Visitors will be exposed to the elements in all weather conditions for the entire duration on-site.

The terrain includes reasonable flat sealed roads, cobblestone paths, sloped and uneven gravel tracks and grassed areas (which can become slippery or muddy when wet) as well as very steep ungraded paths. Visitors will often need to stand and queue for long periods at times, for security screening to enter the commemorative site, as well as for the limited public amenities. If the site is nearing the safe capacity, visitors on the grassed areas will be asked to stand.

There is a minimum walk of 8km at the commemorations, mostly up steep hills. Moving between the ACS and Lone Pine involves a walk of approximately 3.1km, including walking up the very steep Artillery Road from sea-level to the Lone Pine Cemetery on the ridge line. Artillery Road is unpaved and can be challenging (the equivalent of 30 flights of stairs or climbing the Sydney Harbour Bridge). From Lone Pine to Chunuk Bair is a further 3.3km uphill, past numerous cemeteries and historic sites, which visitors will have an opportunity to view-en-route.

Very basic and limited facilities including limited temporary seating (at Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair), lighting and portable toilets are available on-site for the period of the commemorations. It is recommended that attendees bring adequate supplies of non-perishable food – there are no cooking facilities on-site for the period of the commemorations. Limited rubbish disposal facilities are available and where possible, visitors are asked to take their rubbish with them. There is no running water or power on-site, except for those in use for the services. Mobile phone coverage is available at the commemorative sites, but there are no recharging facilities.

Limited medical support is provided by local Turkish health authorities from the evening of 24 April to the afternoon of 25 April. Visitors should ensure they bring their own prescription medication and basic first aid supplies, including non-prescription pain relief medication and Band-Aids. The medical support provided is equipped for medical emergencies and is not designed to treat minor ailments.

See also general information on what to expect and before you depart.

Traffic Arrangements

Traffic management is the responsibility of and managed by the Turkish Authorities. Information relating to road closures (at 3 am on 25 April), private vehicle parking and tour coach registration will be updated on the DVA website when further information becomes available.

Seating

Please refer to information below regarding seating at each of the Gallipoli commemorative sites. Please note, large groups might be unable to sit together. You should make sure that you have your guide's details in case you are separated.

Dawn Service, Anzac Commemorative Site

The ACS is a custom designed site which provides for amphitheatre style viewing of the Dawn Service. No seating is provided, visitors will be located on the grassed area and it is advisable to bring a plastic sheet or similar to protect individuals from the condensation overnight. No folding chairs or temporary seating will be allowed to be brought into the site. There will be limited accessible seating for those who require it. Please see information regarding accessible seating below. Some areas may have restricted views, however a large screen is available to view the service.

Australian National Service, Lone Pine

There will be limited temporary seating available at the Lone Pine service. This will be available on a first-come, first-served basis. Please note that the Lone Pine service is held within the Commonwealth War Graves Commission Lone Pine Cemetery and Australian and New Zealand National Memorials, and as such, visitors are asked to not sit on the grassed areas around the graves. Visitors should locate themselves in the vacant areas and along the sides out of respect for those buried within the cemetery.

For those who registered for accessible seating at the ACS, there will be a designated accessible seating area.

New Zealand National Service, Chunuk Bair

The Chunuk Bair site is small with limited seating and standing room. It may mean that not all visitors to Chunuk Bair will be able to view the service. Similar to the Lone Pine service, the Chunuk Bair service includes official New Zealand and Turkish National memorials and cemeteries and visitors are asked to refrain from sitting amongst the graves and significant surface manifestations. There will be an overflow site at Hill 261 for those who cannot access the official Chunuk Bair site.

Accessible seating

Limited assistance will be available for visitors at the commemorations who have a health or accessibility requirement. Those requesting accessible seating are able to have one carer or companion with them to provide assistance. Unfortunately due to limited accessible seating, it is not possible to extend this service to others travelling with their groups. Visitors with an accessibility requirement will need to alert staff on arrival at the ACS.

Accessible seating inclusions

  • Shuttle transfer from ACS to Lone Pine Cemetery or Chunuk Bair after the Dawn Service.
  • Access to a limited number of dedicated accessible toilets.

Accessible seating exclusions

  • Personalised or dedicated one-to-one assistance.
  • The provision of carers, wheelchair pushers, or physical assistance with seating or embarking and disembarking from vehicles.
  • Wheelchairs, walkers or mobility aids — any visitor requiring this assistance must bring their own.
  • Oxygen or personalised medications.
  • Specialised support for 'high care' individuals.
  • Support travelling to, or from, your accommodation.

You should consult with your doctor regarding the conditions you are likely to experience on site to ensure you can safely travel to Gallipoli.

Wreath-laying

Wreath-laying, by invited official representatives, will occur during the official part of the services.

Members of the public who wish to lay a wreath will have the opportunity to do so at the conclusion of the Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair services. Please note official public wreath laying will not occur at the Dawn Service. Individuals are to supply their own wreaths and it is their responsibility to carry it with them, care for it and transport it to the service. There are no facilities or arrangements for storage or transport of personal wreaths at the sites.

Please note that taking any historical artefacts and items from the Gallipoli Campaign Historical Site is strictly prohibited and carries severe penalties under Turkish law.

Guides, apps and other event information

Gallipoli

The Anzac Portal contains a range of historical information and walking tours for visitors travelling to Gallipoli. MP3 audio guides are able to be downloaded of walking tours on the Gallipoli peninsula. The ABC's Gallipoli the First Day Centenary Edition app provides an overview of the Gallipoli campaign, eye witness accounts and commentary.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission's (CWGC) war graves app provides information about the cemeteries around the world and allows you to search for the location of an individual's war grave. Visit CWGC to download the app.

Visitors wishing to locate a particular grave or name on a memorial to the missing should consult the CWGC website to identify the exact location of the grave or name on a memorial to the missing prior to travelling to Turkey. Limited assistance may be available on the day.

Contact information

Australian Consulate, Canakkale Turkey
Tel: +90 286 218 1724
Email: Canakkale.Consulate@dfat.gov.au

Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Canberra Australia
Tel: +61 2 6289 1133
Regional callers: 1300 364 002
Email: overseascommemorations@dva.gov.au

Department of Foreign Affairs - Emergency helpline
Consular Emergency Centre 24 Hour Phone Service:
Tel:  1300 555 135 within Australia (local call cost) or
Tel:  +61 2 6261 3305 from outside Australia
SMS: +61 421 269 080

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