ABBREVIATIONS

ABS

Australian Bureau of Statistics

adj OR

statistically adjusted odds ratio

adj mean diff

statistically adjusted difference between means

adj median diff

statistically adjusted difference between medians

AEC

Australian Electoral Commission

AIHW

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Air Force

Royal Australian Air Force (unless otherwise specified)

Army

Australian Army (unless otherwise specified)

AUDIT

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

AUDIT-C

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption

BCOF

British Commonwealth Occupation Force (Japan)

CAGE

Cut-down, Annoyed by criticism, Guilty about drinking, Eye-opener drinks (alcohol use questionnaire)

CES

Combat Exposure Scale

CI

confidence interval

DVA

Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs

DSM-III-R

3 rd edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Revised

DSM-IV

4 th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

et al

and others

HAD scale

Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale

HMAS

His/Her Majesty’s Australian Ship

KWV

Korean War veteran

KWVHS

Korean War veterans’ Health Study

multiv

multivariate (when referring to statistical adjustment for multiple covariates)

N (or n)

number

NAS

Normative Aging Study

Navy

Royal Australian Navy (unless otherwise specified)

NSHWB

Australian Bureau of Statistics 1997 National Survey of Health and Well-being

OR

odds ratio

P value

probability value

PCL

Posttraumatic stress disorder Check List

PCL-S

Posttraumatic stress disorder Check List - specific

PLS

Percent Life Satisfaction score derived from the Life Satisfaction scale

POW

prisoner of war

PS

population sample

PTSD

posttraumatic stress disorder

RAR

Royal Australian Regiment

SAC

Scientific Advisory Committee

SD

standard deviation

SF-12

12 item Short Form Health Survey

SF-36

36 item Short Form Health Survey

SMHA

Survey of Men’s Health and Ageing

SMR

standardised mortality ratio

SPSS

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences

UK

United Kingdom

UN

United Nations

US or USA

United States of America

WHO

World Health Organisation

WHOQOL-Bref

26-item World Health Organisation brief Quality of Life questionnaire

WIA

Wounded In Action

WWII

Second World War